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6th International Conference on Photonics

Milan, Italy

Carl C Jung

Carl C Jung

CCJ Software, Germany

Title: Twisted and turned layers – no problem for ITE (Immersion Transmission Ellipsometry)


Biography: Carl C Jung


If looking at optically thin layers or thin films with an anisotropic structure, the main applications of such films are in display technology. There are different ways, such layers can be used: as polarisers, if absorbing, as retarders, if transparent, as photo-alignment films, if very thin and with a specific surface, that can be used to align other attaching films during an annealing step in fabrication. Of course, the optical properties of the resulting display depend on the quality of the layers used to produce it. Therefore, we developed a new method, which can very accurately determine the three-dimensional refractive index and its orientation in a thin layer. Even films, whose properties vary in the direction perpendicular to the film plane, can be studied with success. We employed a combination of transmission in two different media - immersion transmission ellipsometry and reflection ellipsometry at one single wavelength. Ellipsometry is the measurement of the alteration of the polarization state of light transmitted or reflected by the layer or film studied. The accuracy of the method was very high compared to conventional reflection ellipsometry in only one medium. If compared to combined transmission and reflection measurements in air, we also reached a drastic improvement. The method of immersion transmission ellipsometry is a significant step forward in the development of non-destructive optical characterization methods for thin films with complex anisotropic structure.

Figure 1: Three normally indistinguishable sets of data can be expanded by immersion transmission ellipsometry. Depicted is the ellipsometric parameter Δ measured in transmission under immersion. The first 3 figures are the refractive indices of the film. Then wavelength in µm, and immersion and substrate index follow.

  1. Jung C, Stumpe J (2015) Immersion transmission ellipsometry (ITE) for the determination of orientation gradients in photoalignment layers. Appl. Phys. B DOI 10.1007/s00340-013-5729-2.
  1. Jung C, Stumpe J (2005) Immersion transmission ellipsometry (ITE) – a new method for the precise determination of the 3D indicatrix of thin films. Appl. Phys. B 80:231-238.
  1. Jung C, Stumpe J, Peeters E, van der Zande B (2005) A novel way for the full characterisation of splayed retarders using the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) method. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44: 4000-4005.